Green Tara Trust is fortunate to have several researchers helping to design, implement and evaluate its programmes, to ensure all that we do is based on evidence of need and that the effectiveness of our interventions are monitored and measured.  Research is woven into the programmes, starting with explorative studies prior to the thoroughly conducted community needs assessments, and finishing with long-term mixed-methods evaluation using a before-and-after design with control areas.  In other words, Green Tara Trust’s health promotion intervention is unique in Nepal as it is: (a) multidisciplinary; (b) theory-based; and (c) evidence-based. The core research team comprises:

Prof. Edwin van Teijlingen

Edwin van Teijlingen Edwin is Professor of Reproductive Health Research at the University of Bournemouth, UK. He is a medical sociologist, specialising in Public Health and Organisation of Maternity Care. He has substantial research experience in evaluating large-scale community-based public-health interventions funded by, for example, the Chief Scientist Office (Scottish Government, Edinburgh), the Wellcome Trust, and NHS Health Scotland. His has a particular interest in investigating the social barriers to improving maternal care worldwide, and he helps Green Tara Trust to assess community health needs and barriers to health care, to design health programmes that address these factors, and to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions.


Dr Padam Simkhada

PadamSimkhada Padam is a Senior Lecturer in International Health at The University of Sheffield, UK and is originally from Nepal. He has worked for Nepal’s Ministry of Health and also for Save the Children (UK). He also worked with Green Tara Trust’s founder, Dr. Jane Stephens, in Nepal together for 10 years on joint public health programmes. His specialist areas are sexual health and migration, maternal and child health care and health care for sex workers. He spends part of his year lecturing at the University and the rest of the time in Nepal, overseeing and supporting Green Tara Trust’s programmes.


Research Publications

Below are citations for academic research articles arising from Green Tara Trust’s Maternal Health programmes and published in medical journals.

Simkhada, P, Shyangdan, D, van Teijlingen, E, Kadel, S, Stephen, J, Gurung, T. (2013) Women’s Knowledge & Attitude towards Disability in Rural Nepal. Disability & Rehabilitation 35(7): 606-613.

Teijlingen van, E., Simkhada, B., Simkhada, P. (2013) Midwifery and maternity care in Nepal: the vital link, The Practising Midwife 16 (10): 24-27.

van Teijlingen, E., Simkhada, P., Stephen, J. (2013) Doing focus groups in the health field: Some lessons from Nepal, Health Prospect 12(1): 15-17.

Sharma, S., van Teijlingen, E., Hundley, V., Stephens J., Simkhada, P., Angell, C., Sicuri, E., Belizan, JM. (2013) Mixed-methods evaluation of a maternity care intervention in rural Nepal: measuring what works, Poster P.2.3.004 (A), Tropical Medicine & International Health 18(Suppl. 1): 183-184.

Sharma, S., Sicuri, E., Belizan, J., van Teijlingen, E., Simkhada, P., Stephens J. (2012)  Evaluation of Maternity Care Intervention in Rural Nepal: Can a Health Promotion Exercise Improve Maternal Health & Service uptake?, Poster Programme: PS21 Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 66: Suppl 1: A46-47.

Simkhada B (2012) Antenatal Care uptake in Nepal: barriers and opportunities. Book, LAMBERT Academic Publishing.

Baral, Y.R, Lyons, K., Skinner, J, van Teijlingen, E.R. (2012) Maternal health services utilisation in Nepal: Progress in the new millennium? Health Science Journal 6(4): 618-633.

van Teijlingen, E., Simkhada, P., Stephen, J., Simkhada, B., Woodes Rogers, S., Sharma, M. (2012) Making the best use of all resources: developing a health promotion intervention in rural Nepal. Health Renaissance 10(3): 229-235.

van Teijlingen E., Simkhada, B., Porter, M., Simkhada, P., Pitchforth, E., and Bhatta, P. (2011). An overview of qualitative research methods and its place in health research in Nepal, Kathmandu University Medical 36 (4): 301-5.

Dhakal, S., van Teijlingen, E., Simkhada, P., Dhakal, K.B., Stephens J., Chapman, G., Raja, A.E. (2011) Antenatal care among women in rural Nepal: A community-based study. Online Journal of Rural Nursing & Health Care 11 (2): 76-87.

Simkhada, B., Porter, M., Teijlingen van, E. (2011) My mother-in-law tells me what to do, Midwives (The official magazine of the Royal College of Midwives) issue 4: 34-36.

Dhakal, S., van Teijlingen, E., Raja, A.E., Dhakal, K.B. (2011) Skilled care at birth among rural women in Nepal: practice and challenges Journal of Health, Population & Nutrition 29 (4): 371-378.

Teijlingen van, E., Simkhada, P., Ireland, J.C.M. (2010) Lessons learnt from undertaking maternity-care research in developing countries. Evidenced-based Midwifery 8(1): 12-16.

Simkhada, B., Porter, M., van Teijlingen E. (2010) The influence of mothers-in-law in antenatal care decision-making in Nepal: A qualitative study. Abstracts from 11th International Congress of Behavioral Medicine, International Journal of Behavioral Medicine 17 (1 Suppl.): 255.

Simkhada, B., Porter, M., van Teijlingen, E. (2010) The role of mothers-in-law in antenatal care decision-making in Nepal: A qualitative study. BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth 10(34)


Acharya, D.R., Bell, J.S., Simkhada, P., van Teijlingen E., Regmi, P.R. (2010) Women’s autonomy in decision-making for health care: A demographic study in Nepal. Reproductive Health 9(15).


Kirkpatrick, P., van Teijlingen E. (2009) Lost in Translation: Reflecting  on a Model to Reduce Translation and Interpretation Bias, The Open Nursing Journal, 3(8): 25-32


Simkhada, P., E. van Teijlingen, S. Kadel, J. Stephens, S. Sharma and M. Sharma, 2009. Reliability of national data sets evidence from a detailed small area study in rural kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Asian J. Epidemiol., 2: 44-48.

DOI: 10.3923/aje.2009.44.48

Simkhada B, van Teijlingen ER, Porter M and Simkhada P (2008) Factors affecting utilisation of antenatal care in developing countries: a systematic review of the literature; Journal of Advanced Nursing 61(3), 244–260

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04532.x

Dhakal S, Chapman G, Simkhada P, and Edwin van Teijlingen and Stephens J, (2007) Utilisation of postnatal care among rural women in Nepal, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth; 7: 19

DOI: 10.1186/1471-2393-7-19

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